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What is GST Return?
Every person registered under the GST Act has to periodically furnish the details of sales and purchases along with tax collected and paid thereon, respectively, by filing online returns. Before filing the return, payment of tax due is compulsory otherwise such return will be invalid.
Steps for filing GST return:
GST return can be filed in different forms depending upon the nature of transaction and registration.Return Forms that are applicable for Normal Tax payers and their due dates are:
- Monthly Details of outward supplies in FORM GSTR-1 by the 10th of next month.
- Monthly Details of inward supplies in FORM GSTR-2 by the 15th of next month.
- Monthly Filing of Return along with payment of tax due in FORM GSTR-3 by the 20th of next month.
- Annual Filing of Return in FORM GSTR-9 by 31st December of next financial year.
Documents Required for Online GST Return
For GST return filing, there is no formal set of documents required. The GST returns shall be completely dependent upon the invoices created under GST. Hence, creation of invoices shall serve as base for filing the GST return in India.Further, to file the GST return, you must follow a standard guidelines:
- Prepare each and every invoice as per the GST law.
- Further, each product shall be categorized as per the HSN code.
- Try to maintain invoices details in a format given in the GST software.
Once invoices are uploaded, you can easily file the monthly returns.
GST Registration Process
Types of returns under GST
There are multiple returns under the GST regime. The most common used return will be GSTR 1, 2, 3, 4 & 9. GSTR 1, GSTR 2 & GSTR 3 will be submitted by all businesses on a monthly basis along with GSTR 9 on an annual basis. GSTR 4 is submitted by composition taxpayers on a quarterly basis.
|GSTR – 1||Outward sales by Business||Registered Normal Taxpayer||Monthly||10th of next month|
|GSTR – 2||Purchases made by Business||Registered Normal Taxpayer||Monthly||15th of next month|
|GSTR – 3||GST Monthly return along with the payment of tax||Registered Normal Taxpayer||Monthly||20th of next month|
|GSTR – 4||GST Quarterly return for Composition Taxpayers||Composition Taxpayer||Quarterly||18th of month next quarter|
|GSTR – 5||Periodic GST return for Non-Resident Foreign Taxpayer||Non-Resident Foreign Taxpayer||Monthly||20th of next month|
|GSTR – 6||Return for Input Service Distributor (ISD)||Input Service Distributor||Monthly||13th of next month|
|GSTR – 7||GST Return for TDS||Tax Deductor||Monthly||10th of next month|
|GSTR – 8||GST Return for E-commerce Operator||E-commerce Operator (Tax Collector)||Monthly||10th of next month|
|GSTR – 9||GST Annual Return||Registered Normal Taxpayer||Annually||31st Dec of next financial year|
Frequently Asked Questions
Every entity registered under GST will have to file a GST Return. A Nil return has to be filed even if no purchase-sales activities have been carried out during the return period.
Depending on the type of registration and transactions different periods have been specified. Monthly Return has to be filed by Regular taxpayers, Foreign Non-Residents, Input Service Distributor, Tax Deductors and E-commerce Operators whereas Composition taxpayers will have to file a quarterly return. There is also an additional Annual GST Return apart from this.
No, the return forms are common for CGST, SGST, and IGST. A separate column is available for each of them in the same form and will be filled depending on Intra-state or Inter-state supply.
- Basic details like Business Name along with GSTIN, period for which the return is being filed etc.
- Details of invoices issued in the previous month and the corresponding taxes to be paid.
- Details of advances received against a supply which has to be made in future.
- Details of revision in relation to outward sales invoices pertaining to previous tax periods.
GSTR-3 return will include the following details:
- Information about Input Tax Credit ledger, Cash ledger, and Liability ledger
- Details of payment of tax under various tax heads of CGST, SGST, and IGST
- Taxpayer will have the option of claiming a refund of excess payment or to carry forward the credit.
- The total value of consolidated supply made during the period of return
- Details of payment of tax in the return
- Declare invoice-level purchase information.
- It will be a detailed return and will capture details of all the income and expenditure of the taxpayer and will regroup them in accordance with the monthly returns.
- A major advantage of this return will be that it will provide the opportunity to correct any short reporting of activities undertaken.
- The due date for the return is 31st December following the end of the financial year for which it is filed. And the same has to be filed along with the audited copies of the Annual Accounts.
No, taxes due have to be paid before filing the return for that period otherwise the return will be invalid.
No, the GST return cannot be revised. Any changes in details can however be made in the amendment section of the Return Form of next period.